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The Burning Question Documentary (Video transcript)

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Climate is becoming a hot topic. From cabinet tables to university campuses, more and more people are sitting up and paying attention to how our weather is changing and what impacts those changes are having. The debate has moved on from whether this is happening to how do we stop it. We are feeling the impacts in Ireland through floods and storms, but climate change is hitting the world’s poorest, the hardest.

For the last few years I’ve been working in the campaigns team at Trocaire, campaigning for action to tackle climate change. This year we launched the latest phase of our campaign: the Burning question.

As a result of climate change, an extra 50 million people could be at risk of hunger by 2050. The burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas, is a major driver of climate change.

Fossil fuel companies profit from the destruction of our planet and exert huge political pressure which is delaying the switch to clean, renewable energy.

We are calling on individuals, organisations and institutions to divest from the fossil fuel industry.

By removing investments from fossil fuel companies we will send a strong message that fossil fuels have no future. Our campaign is part of wider movement here in Ireland and internationally.

I wanted to see first-hand the impacts of climate change in the developing world, and to meet some of the communities and activists who are tackling this issue head on. So I decided to head to Malawi, a small landlocked country in southeast Africa.

With a population of over 16 million, Malawi is one of the poorest nations in the world, as well as one of the most vulnerable to climate change.

During my trip, I heard how people are trying to adapt as best they can to a changing climate. And I met activists who are leading the fight for climate justice and a sustainable future.

And back home I met with some of the leading activists in Ireland’s fossil fuel divestment movement.

When we landed in Malawi, I wanted to get an overview of how exactly the country has been affected by climate change. I met with Trócaire’s Country Director, Eithne Brennan from Waterford and Heather Maseko a climate activist working for Malawi’s Civil Society Network on Climate Change.

In the past two years, the effects of climate change have been compounded by the El Nino weather pattern, a cycle that happens every 2 to 7 years, warming the Pacific Ocean. This has had a knock on effect on weather patterns around the world.

Right now, Malawi and many other countries in southern Africa are facing the worst humanitarian crisis in decades.

Voice of Eithne Breannan, Country Director, Trócaire Malawi

Climate change -  whether you call it that or not - is top of the agenda here. The weather patterns are top of the agenda and if you can’t grow your small crop, then your livelihood is at risk.

I’ve worked in, prior to Malawi, I worked in Zimbabwe. I spent six years there and around 2008, I was very involved in the humanitarian response where over 5 million people required food aid. Now that was the highest that Zimbabwe had ever seen. Zimbabwe, that used to be the bread basket of southern Africa, and from what I’m hearing now, the situation now is as bad, if not worse.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

I have grown up in Malawi. I was raised in Malawi. I’ve done my education in Malawi as well and I have been involved in activism for climate change issues as a young person since my days in university. My main concern is seeing that with time, there has been that change that is quite noticeable in Malawi related to temperature, related to rainfall.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Over the last 30 years, climate change has driven up temperatures in Malawi. Since 1960, temperatures have risen by 0.9 degrees. By the end of the century, if global greenhouse gas emissions stay the same, Malawi and the rest of southern Africa will face 5 degrees of warming. That is a frightening prospect. Climate change has also brought a change in rainfall patterns with rains becoming less predictable and more intense. This has led to floods and ruined crops.

Voice of Eithne Breannan, Country Director, Trócaire Malawi

The food situation at the moment is not good. We have figures of 2.8 million people needing food aid but we definitely know that those figures are conservative.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Since we talked to Eithne in April, the number of people needing food aid in Malawi has risen to 8.4 million and the country has declared a state of emergency.  The UN predicts that up to 50 million people in Africa will need food aid by December 2016.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

So since last year and this year we have been concurrently facing dry spells and floods which are happening probably one after the other.

Voice of Eithne Breannan, Country Director, Trócaire Malawi

The floods hit last year. Any of our partners, our beneficiaries who were hit by those floods potentially, not all of them, but some of them definitely, lost everything.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

Last year alone, floods affected over half of the country in Malawi and it washed away most of the crops. Just two weeks later we faced a dry spell. So even if we try to replant in our gardens, even if we try to grow more food, it was impossible because we never got the rain back. 

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

I asked Eithne and Heather to take me to some of the communities where they work. I wanted to meet the people on the frontlines of the climate crisis and to see for myself the challenges they face.

I travelled with Eithne to the village of Kanyera in Dedza, central Malawi. It was a seemingly happy occasion. The villagers were celebrating the opening of a bridge, which had been funded by Trócaire. The bridge would allow greater access to and from the village, across a river. Julianne Lunguzi, a local politician, was also there.

Voice of Memmber of Parliament

The beauty about this bridge is it links this community to the other side. Just by having that bridge, you’re opening up communication, you’re opening up a route for them to take their produce down on the other side, so it's a great motivation for them to work hard.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

But in the middle of the celebrations it suddenly struck me – where was the river?

Voice of Eithne Breannan, Country Director, Trócaire Malawi

It's very interesting, we’re just at the end of rainy season now and it's interesting to see that the main river that we came over to come into the village is dry. That really shocked me today to see that.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

This was a stark indicator of how erratic and extreme weather patterns have become in Malawi.

I visited the village of Chilenga, in the Selima region of central Malawi. There, Heather introduced me to Grace Diamon, who explained the difficulties of accessing water due to drought.

It was alarming to see that the river, which her community depend on for drinking, for washing, for watering their crops, was pretty much dry.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi, translating the words of Grace Diamon, a farmer in the Chilenga Village 

So it's only 5 months out of the whole year that they can easily access water from this river. At the time when there’s no rain, she says that they have to follow the river downstream so they should be able to dig like that and get the water. You can imagine for her to be able to fill a bucket like that, to get enough water for her household, that is a lot of work. It’s not only her household that is doing this. So her whole village is doing that at this area of the river. Because of the effects of climate change, just last week the water in this river were reaching up to that height, about 3 metres or so but then a week later, we don’t even have water in the river because of climate change. We simply have rain coming at once and then we get some flash floods and all the water goes, not really benefitting. And now it’s getting worse because at least in the past you could have a good flow of water over a period of time. But now they do not have that flow and it's getting worse by year.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

The vast majority of families in Malawi are farmers, working on very small pieces of land, usually less than one hectare.

I wanted to talk to a typical farming family and to find out how they were coping with the changing climate.  Back in Kanyera Eithne introduced me to Stephen and Eliyeta Muyeye.

Like millions of people across the country, Stephen and Eliyeta are heavily reliant on the maize crop for their family’s survival.

Stephen tells me:

“When the rains are good we harvest enough maize for the whole year. This year we will only have enough maize for three months.”

For Stephen, his wife and four children, the next few months will be full of uncertainty. He told me.

“We have reduced the amount of food we are eating each day,”

“We used to have three meals a day but now we have only two, one in the morning and one in the evening. We are trying to save the maize we have."

Thankfully this community has received food aid in recent months. The reality is though that more will be needed over the year ahead.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

So far the situation seemed pretty hopeless.  There is no doubt that Malawi faces huge challenges.

But during my visit I met a lot of people whose hope, resilience and determination in the face of climate change was inspiring.

It was fantastic to see the work of the communities I met in Selima, and the obvious pride they took in their efforts to adapt to climate change.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

The villagers here have  taken the initiative to actually address the problems that are coming because of climate change and to them, one of the specific initiatives that they took was to conserve their environment, mainly replanting the forests that were long gone in this area.

The work that they’re doing, it’s so interesting to learn that other community members who were not initially part of the committee have started to join them to be able to support them, for example, in tree planting exercises.

As you can see these are the trees, the small trees in between there, these are the ones planted this year.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Myself and Heather talked to Meeckness Moffat about the work of the committee

Voice of Meeckness Moffat, Farmer, Chithandala Village

I am happy and proud that the work we are doing to protect the environment has benefits too for us as a person, as a family and as a community. The tree planting is helping with our food production. It has helped us cope with the drought. It is helping us keep more water in our soils.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

They are also conducting beekeeping, for them to be able to generate income so they do not go back to utilising natural resources.

So this is the security for the forest. They’ve got bees inside there and they will chase anyone who comes and intrudes in the forest but besides the security it gives, they get a lot from the honey that’s produced here. One of the things is medicine and the other thing is money, after they have got the honey, they will be able to get money and pay for their children’s school fees.

This male bee does not do anything. So when there’s a lot of male bees it does not help them, so she chases away the male bees so she’ll have more honey.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

They’re lazy.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

Yes

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

While it was fascinating to see how communities are trying to adapt to the impacts of climate change, it got me thinking about the bigger solutions needed. Eithne put me in touch with Clever Kanga who works for the Foundation for Irrigation and Sustainable Development. He believes two things are vital for Malawi’s future; irrigation and solar power.

Voice of Clever Kanga, Foundation for Irrigation and Sustainable Development

Solar power can be used for agriculture, solar power can be used for house heating and lighting. Solar power is really a sustainable way for Malawi to go.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Clever brought us to a school just outside Lilongwe where they have an irrigation system that’s powered by solar panels. The project enables the school to grow food on its land, which is used to feed the pupils. The solar energy powers a pump which draws water from deep underground into a reservoir. From there they can channel the water into fields to irrigate their crops. It’s such a simple but effective system. The project has literally transformed the school, helping to grow its attendance from around 400 to just under 800.

It’s incredible when you think about it. Not only is solar power providing a clean and sustainable way to irrigate land and feed children – it is also helping to ensure access to education.  Here, the sun is doing more than powering equipment – it’s powering lives!

Voice of Clever Kanga, Foundation for Irrigation and Sustainable Development

There has to be the political will. There has to be policies that look into promoting solar power systems in Africa.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Clever’s point about the need for political will really struck me. That’s the case, whether it’s Malawi or Ireland. We absolutely need the political will and infrastructure to push forward a transition to renewable energy. And in Malawi, like Ireland, there is an urgent need for climate change activists willing to challenge the power of governments and vested interests like the fossil fuel industry.

I was interested to hear from Heather and others about their own climate activism.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

Having a platform as a young person, my social media platform, my friendships, university platform, I decided to use those platforms to advocate for small changes that I could in my university and outside of my university. I’ve been involved in district campaigns at the local level and I’ve been involved in national campaigns, mainly being proactive with young people as some of the campaigns include calling for good policies in government and the small campaigns include stopping the cutting down of trees unnecessarily.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Heather put me in touch with members of a new climate justice group at the University of Agriculture and Natural Resources in Lilongwe.

Voices of University Students

We are planning to do more activities. Since most of the people outside there they don’t know the causes of this climate change. They only know the impacts so we need to build the capacity to create the awareness so they should know the causes.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Very worryingly climate and environmental activists in Malawi face a significant battle against oil exploration in Lake Malawi. In February 2016, the government of Malawi lifted a ban on oil exploration and drilling in the lake, which is an area of immense environmental, cultural and economic significance to Malawians.  

I asked the students what they thought of oil exploration in Lake Malawi.

Voices of University Students - male student

Personally in my opinion, I totally disagree with the production of fossil fuels. Some people say, ok if we extract fuels from Lake Malawi, we are going to boost the economy but to me as a student who knows about the stuff, we say ‘no, it won’t be ok’, because the impact which you’re going to have after that will not be ok.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

Oil drilling in Malawi has not been supported by the general public and I myself as an activist because we are aware of some of the impacts that oil drilling has on an eco-system and on a lake system as Malawi. Lake Malawi supports a majority of the population in Malawi that are living along the lake. Be it in terms of transport on the lake. Be it in terms of fishing.  And with climate change and issues of environmental degradation, there is a high dependence on the lake by these communities. Oil spills have been common in many places where oil drilling has taken place and it has greatly affected the ecosystems of that area.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

When I asked Juliana Lunguzi, a Member of Parliament, she doubted whether local people would benefit financially from oil exploration.

Voice of Julianne Lunguzi, Member of Parliament

I’m worried to say, should we have the oil? Are we going to benefit? Cos we are looking at experiences from neighbouring countries where they’ve been oil, there’s been war. So I’m thinking, ‘are we starting war?’ I don’t want to think that way but the more people are not opening up about the whole oil exploration, the more I think that there’ll be shady deals and the local people, especially the people from Dedza East, which is a very rural area, won’t benefit. So I’m sceptical.

Quote from Archbishop Desmond Tutu

‘We need an apartheid-style boycott to save the planet... We must stop climate change...It makes no sense to invest in companies that undermine our future.’

Quote from Pope Francis

‘Climate change is a problem which can no longer be left to our future generation.’

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

There are people who are dying because of climate change and to have governments or individuals invest in the very causes of climate change that is causing other people to die. I think that is a very huge injustice. For me as an activist, for the communities of Malawi, it would only be fair or a just system if those countries could consider their decisions and be more, more thoughtful of what they are doing, not only for selfish reasons but also for the  global good and to be able to say, that ‘our actions have been for a long time affecting countries that are not responsible for climate change.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Heather hits the nail on the head about the complete injustice of climate change.

Those who have done least to cause climate change are suffering the most because of its impacts.  Developed nations bear most responsibility for causing climate change.

In December 2015, an historic global deal on climate change was agreed in Paris. But there was not one mention of fossil fuels in the entire agreement, despite the fact that 60 percent of global carbon emissions come from our dependency on fossil fuels. Expert analysis has shown that to have any chance of avoiding runaway climate change, 80% of fossil fuel reserves need to remain unburned.

Voice of Bill McKibben, Founder of 350.org, Maynooth, June 2015

The one line the world has ever drawn is this line that says we are going to try and keep temperature increases below two degrees. Well if we follow the business plan of the fossil fuel industry, we will go way past that, there is no doubt about it, there is no mystery about it, there is no drama about it. If they do what they have told shareholders, banks, others they will do, then the planet will break.

And that’s why we’ve said, just as twenty five years or thirty years ago when the issue was apartheid in South Africa, that why we’ve said, this is one of these cases where it's necessary to break links with these companies in order to put the most pressure on them that's possible. To turn them into the pariahs that they must become.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

The fossil fuel divestment movement sends a strong message that fossil fuels have no future. It’s actually the fastest growing divestment movement in history. More than 500 institutions, with a value of $3.4 trillion, have already committed to divest from fossil fuels.

At the launch of Trócaire’s fossil fuel divestment campaign, I spoke with Ellen Dorsey of the Wallace Global Fund, a major player in the fossil fuel divestment movement in the US.

Voice of Ellen Dorsey, Executive Director, Wallace Global Fund

I think any government that has public funds either invested in the industry or is contributing directly through fossil fuel subsidies is complicit then in the climate impacts.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

What about the Irish Government? Ireland has an extremely high level of emissions for our population size and is currently way off track for meeting commitments to reduce them.  To make things worse, the Irish government is investing public money in the fossil fuel industry. Approximately €72 million of Irish tax payers money has been invested in some of the most controversial and polluting fossil fuel companies in recent years.

I met with Deirdre Duff, from Fossil Free TCD, at Trinity College Dublin.

Voice of Deirdre Duff, Fossil Free TCD

To be honest, it makes me really angry that the Irish government could be using taxpayers money to invest in the industry, probably the most dangerous, corrupt industry on this planet. Like to fund climate change. It's completely wrong. It also is completely contradictory to us signing up to the Paris agreement and saying, yeah we want to tackle climate change. 

Voice of Ellen Dorsey, Executive Director, Wallace Global Fund

We needed a powerful, grassroots constituency to take on the climate issue and to take on the fossil fuel industry and this student fired movement has broken open the climate debate in ways that I think none of us could even have anticipated. That broke it open for investment managers and the financial sector, has taken it way beyond their universities to faith groups, to pension funds, to cities, and to my sector - philanthropy.

Voice of Deirdre Duff, Fossil Free TCD

Last summer, so summer of 2015, we lodged an FOI, a Freedom of Information Request to see if Trinity had investments in fossil fuel companies and that revealed that they had over six million invested in fossil fuel companies, coal, oil, gas companies.

Universities are kinda meant to be leaders in society and leaders in the education of future generations so if they divest, it kind of sends a powerful signal that, look there’s money, fossil fuel companies’ money, it's toxic, it's not something that you want to be investing in. And I suppose in the past students in Trinity would have put a lot of pressure on the college board to divest from South African apartheid. And they did divest. So there is that precedent.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Colm Duffy, a Phd student, has been one of the drivers of the fossil fuel divestment movement in NUI Galway. His research in Malawi has left him in no doubt about the urgent need to move away from our reliance on the fossil fuels.

Voice of Colm Duffy, Fossil Free, NUIG

I would have been in Malawi for six or seven months working with the World Agriforestry Centre on an agroforestry impact study and we would have seen farmers first hand, and we would have seen drought first hand and we would have seen crop failure first hand.

I suppose at first it was my own interest, as to go, ‘I wonder do they have any investments? and quite a lot of universities do, so I made a few inquiries and submitted a Freedom of Information Request and it turns out that they did.

Voice of Sinead Moran, NUI Galway Student, Fossil Free NUIG Campaign Video

Currently NUI Galway has at least 3.4 million invested in oil and gas shares globally.

Voice of Colm Duffy, Fossil Free, NUIG

I suppose we thought it was a little bit maybe hypocritical to say on the one hand we are a global leader in climate change mitigation and on the other hand to be directly financially supporting fossil fuel companies.

Voice of Prof. Terence MdDonough, Economics Lecturer, NUI Galway

Many other universities around the world have divested from dirty industries and NUIG should follow their lead.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

I met with Ben Christman at Queens University Belfast to hear about the Fossil Free QUB campaign

Voice of Ben Christman, Fossil Free QUB

The Fossil Free QUB campaign has been going for around about 18 months and once we found out where Queen’s invests its' money, we carried out a number of actions.

Voice of Séan Fearon, Fossil Free QUB

Queen’s ignored the soft campaign tactics of our group when we started. So basically, for the first year, Queens has about five and a half millions pounds of public money invested in big oil through its endowment funds and the rest of it. They ignored the soft campaign tactics of our open letters, staff and alumni support, public meetings, student referendas and pickets, Queens’ specific academic reports. They rejected our freedom of information request to access the investment data. It took us ten months to get a hold of that and it was damning when we got it. So backed by, what we say anyway as the indisputable moral legitimacy of what we were trying to do, we adopted a direct action approach at Queens university to force the issue and demand the attention that it deserves.

We occupied a QUB senate meeting initially, this was the same group, the people that run the university. We also the following week staged a sit down outside the planning and finance committee and blocked the doors. Instantly we felt a surge of support both online and in our active membership. With visible success of our direct action approach we decided to up the ante and on December 11 we occupied the finance office.

Voice of Ben Christman, Fossil Free QUB

How many of us? Thirteen of us I think, snuck our way into the admin building, up to the second floor and buried ourselves in a corner of that floor.

Voice of Séan Fearon, Fossil Free QUB

The issue of climate change and fossil fuel divestment was on every six o’clock news bulletin, trended on twitter without interruption, and on the front page of many national newspapers.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Disappointingly despite the high profile of the Queen’s campaign, the university has yet to commit to divest from fossil fuels.

Voice of Ben Christman, Fossil Free QUB

If Queen’s decide against divestment then the obvious route for Fossil Free QUB will be to re-escalate the campaign because the issue of climate change isn’t going away.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Such inaction from Queen’s University reflects a broader lack of climate ambition in the North of Ireland– in particular among the political establishment.

Voice of Ben Christman, Fossil Free QUB

'I think it would be fair to say that Northern Ireland is not a leader in terms of climate change, certainly if you look at the rest of the UK and the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland is probably the part of these Islands that is lagging behind.'

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

In contrast to the Republic, Northern Ireland doesn’t even have a climate change law.  If QUB ever did decide to divest from fossil fuels, not only would it be far reaching for the University and it’s students, it may also help to put pressure on political leaders in the North, to turn the tide towards greater climate action.

Voice of Ellen Dorsey, Executive Director, Wallace Global Fund

There’s two risks to not divesting from fossil fuels. One is to your own investment portfolio and that is these companies - their stocks are massively overvalued. They’re holding reserves that can never be burned and so it's a risky investment. We’re already seeing now that being invested in the fossil fuels is damaging to your portfolio. So, from a financial perspective, from a fiduciary perspective, it's important to get out of fossil fuels now.

I think the other risk is truly an ethical one. We cannot divorce ourselves from our investments. If we own fossil fuels, we own climate change, and we’re responsible for the effects.

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Back in Malawi, I was interested to know what people thought about developed nations’ reliance on fossil fuels and the international Fossil Free campaign.

Voice of Chalres Mkoka, Environmental Journalist, Malawi

I think it's time that the developed countries start to work on cleaner energy, you know, forms of energy that are environmentally friendly, sustainable, long term and more greener in nature. That would be better because it will ensure that it safeguards the way of life for the present generation and the generations that are to come in the near future.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

I think divestment campaigns are quite good for countries that are not following a carbon neutral pathway in their development, especially the northern countries. I believe that this is a very good way of them being actually being proactive, of being able to address climate change issues, not only for their countries but also for countries like Malawi. It is gaining momentum in the northern globe and I think that we are quite happy with the work that our fellow activists in the northern side of the globe are doing

Voice of University Student

I would love if you can go in the field, if you can go in the street, and advocate that climate  change is really there, and climate change has really impacted us as African countries, so if you can help us to advocate, and tell your government, that we’re really facing problems with climate change.

Voice of University Student

Our grandparents are really suffering here. We are suffering from floods, each and every year.

Voice of Heather Maseko, Civil Society Network on Climate Change, Malawi

The burning question to the Irish people and to the Irish government is what will you do to address to the causes of climate change that you have already contributed to? What are the investments that you will do to rectify the situation. And what are you going to do to consider countries, or developing countries that are facing the impact of climate change?

Voice of Emmet Sheerin, Campaigns Team, Trócaire

Heather’s words summed up a lot of what I had seen in Malawi. It is the poorest people on earth who are paying the price for how the richer people live their lives. That’s the injustice of climate change, and we have to do what we can to tackle that injustice.

The climate change that is destroying crops and emptying river beds all over Malawi is being driven by the fossil fuel industry; an industry that the Irish government continues to invest public money in.

 

Now is the time to ask the burning question – how are our financial investments fuelling climate change? And now is the time to make our money part of the solution, not the problem.

Until we do that, we are investing in our own destruction.

 

Produced, directed, filmed and scripted by Alan Whelan, Emmet Sheerin and Eoghan Rice.

Edited by Alan Whelan.

 

Thank you:

Heather Maseko
Julius Ng'oma
Clever Kanga
Meeckness Moffat,
Grace Diamon
Stephen Muyeye
Eliyeta Muyeye
Juliana Lunguzi
Charles Mkoka
Mary Friel
Dr. Ellen Dorsey
Deirdre Duff
Colm Duff
Ben Christmas
Séan Fearon
Eithne Brennan
Estela Vidal
Philip Nyasulu
Fanaseyi Huwa
and everybody at Trócaire Malawi
Cliona Sharkey

 

Music used with Creative Commons Licence

Trees don't sleep, Zachary Cale, MIghty Moon and Ethan Schmidt
Ascent, Jon Luc Heffernan
Upbeat, Jon Luc Heffernan
Epoch, Jon Luc Heffernan
Pensacola Twilight, Lee Rosevere
Illumination, Lee Rosevere
Here is now, Ketsa
Transparent, Ketsa
Conscience, Ketsa
Led by the dress coloured in red, Augustus Bro & Gallery Six
Seeing the future, Dexter Britain
Ero, Sinapsi
A Beautiful Life, Broke for Free
Golden Hour, Broke for Free

Additional footage/photos

Eoin Campbell/Just Multimedia
350.org
Fossil Free QUB
Fossil Free NUIG
Fossil Free TCD
Northern Ireland Assembly
Oxfam

Animation

Tautas Jazbutis (South Eleven)

Video: The Burning Question