Just World. The Blog.

June 27, 2014

Uganda calling...

by Kieran Downey

Teacher Kieran Downey shares his experiences about visiting some of our projects in Uganda which benefited from funds from UKAID and generous donations from our supporters.

In April this year, I travelled to Uganda on a Trócaire-run trip as part of the educational investment the organisation makes every year to increase awareness of its work and allow people to see firsthand how the money raised is spent and invested. 
We visited projects in the areas of livelihoods, governance and human rights and gender-based violence. We were able to see how Trócaire invested in local welfare and development agencies to promote and extend the fundamental vision of Christ in the Gospels and the Church in its Social Teaching: the dignity of every human being and the right to fair and equitable access to resources. 
Staff and volunteers at Twizimbe Centre, Jinja with the teachers from Northern Ireland
Staff and volunteers at Twizimbe Centre, Jinja, with teachers from Northern Ireland
The first project we visited was in Jinja where the river Nile flows out from Lake Victoria. There where we met Sr Maureen and Sr Catherine, Franciscan Missionary Sisters of Africa at the Twizimbe Centre which is part-funded by Trócaire. 
Here the nuns with a small army of paid and unpaid volunteers work in four areas- adult literacy, community health, start-up businesses for widows and ‘learning for life’ – a sexual health and wellbeing course for primary and secondary school children in the outlying districts. 
We visited the Anglican school of St Apollo where the students told us of the work the centre had been doing in terms of educating them about their bodies, about the dangers posed by HIV and AIDS and the problem of human trafficking. 
We heard how the people had been ‘built up’ in education, in self-esteem and personal dignity. Their stories were both inspiring and humbling. In fact, that understanding of building people up was the very lynchpin idea that binds the work of Trócaire in all its aspects. 
Sr Maureen said that they decided not to invest in building toilet blocks and school buildings - as important as they are - but rather building up people. 
It is a long term investment in people and in their future, and indeed in the future of Uganda. 
We moved on from Jinja to Soroti, some four hours drive on roads that quickly ran out of tarmac and left us shuddering and swaying on roads of red mud. Our base for the next four days was Soroti and we met with workers from Socadido – the Diocesan office for welfare and development. We travelled out to a nearby (that meaning only two hours) model village where we met men and women, young and old. 
They wanted to put on a show for us and equally we must have been a novelty in their day but nonetheless the warmth of the welcome and the way in which we were embraced - literally and metaphorically - by the villagers, took us all aback. 
 In fact Augustine, the chairman of the local economic group talked of us as saviours for the fact that we had saved the old from illness, the clothed from nakedness and the young from malnourishment and illiteracy. Humbling. 
Listening to him and feeling the warmth of the welcome gave a new truth to the idea of this planet as a global village for as we were shown around their village we got an incredible insight into how life had been changed by the help of funds invested by Trócaire. 
The education about crop rotation and planting, the micro-financing afforded by Trócaire developing a series of “soft loans” – in which a loan of say £35 (!) would be organised and it would be paid back, with interest of 3% rather the usual 20% from Ugandan banks. The person would take this and invest it in seed or poultry and the loan itself would be repaid at 25p a week. The investment made would then start earning the family money with help from Socadido to get access to fruit, vegetable and animal markets in Soroti and beyond. 
On the morning of Holy Thursday we visited the Catholic Diocesan curial offices where we met Caroline, Geoffrey and Helen – catechists involved in the Ugandan Catholic Church’s programme of combating gender based violence. We met with their staff and learnt about the methodology, the problems encountered and the successes they are having in changing people’s perceptions around domestic violence. 
We even took part in a role play where the first set of statements read out from various family and societal voices enforced old perceptions of acceptance of the imbalance of power in relationships and the acceptance of violence as a part of life. Then there was a second set of statements of how figures in the family and society can speak up and out about violence in the home. To see their work drove home for me that for these people to keep working I need to keep supporting.  
The week was a humbling and uplifting experience – one I will never forget. It was an experience of people who, having been given a hand up, are absolutely ready and able to fulfil their own potential. 
I want to finish by assuring you that your generosity to Trócaire is changing people’s lives and working to build people up and in so doing affecting the future generations. 
June 17, 2014

Breaking the silence about the occupation

Former Israeli soldiers will launch a striking photography exhibition in the Gallery of Photography, Dublin (June 19th – June 29th), that reveals the reality of daily life for soldiers and Palestinian civilians living under occupation. In the lead up to the exhibition, Trócaire's Eoghan Rice tells of his experiences in the West Bank.

We had seen and heard a lot during our time in Hebron but one soldier’s words stood out.

On a side street in this racially segregated city in the West Bank we had watched as the soldier stopped a young boy – 12 years old, perhaps maybe 13 – and searched his schoolbag. It was a curious sight – a soldier in full combat attire armed with a machine gun checking to see whether a child with a schoolbag posed any threat.

The soldier had seen us watching him and when he had finished with the child he approached us. I had expected him to issue us with some sort of warning but his words took me completely by surprise.

“We’re just ordinary people doing a job,” he said, as he walked away to the next checkpoint or the next military post.

Breaking The Silence - School bag search

Caption: Israeli soldier searches a boy's school bag in Hebron. The boy is a member of one of the few remaining Palestinian families to live in the old centre of Hebron. Palestinians who do not live in the old city are not allowed enter. Photo: Alan Whelan

His words were telling on a number of levels. Firstly: “a job”. That’s what it is.  The day-to-day reality of a soldier’s life in the West Bank is not like an action movie.

It’s stopping old men and demanding to see their ID. It’s telling the old woman that she can’t go down this street and that she’ll have to walk the long way. It’s reminding Palestinian families that this footpath is only for Israelis and that they have to walk on the other side of the road. It’s looking inside schoolbags of children who are just trying to go home.

It’s a routine of a thousand little jobs, each monotonous and pointless in equal measure.

The other thing the soldier’s words told me is that he knew what he was doing was wrong. He knew that the child posed no threat to him, and he knew that searching him served no purpose other than to subjugate and control. He knew this because why else would he try to justify it?

If that soldier felt guilt or unease about his job he would not be the only one. In 2004 a group of former Israeli soldiers decided to speak up about what they had done during their service. In the 10 years that have followed, more and more ex-soldiers have joined them.


Breaking The Silence

Captions Left: A photo shows the contrast between a Hebron street in 1999 and today. The markets in the old city centre have been closed to all Palestinians. Right: A photo contrasts life in a busy Hebron market in 1999 and life on that street today. The old centre of Hebron has been closed to Palestinians, turning the city into a ghost town. Photos: Eoghan Rice.


Breaking The Silence photography exhibition:

For the next two weeks, ‘Breaking The Silence’, the organisation those ex-soldiers founded, will be in Ireland, giving public talks in Dublin, Cork and Belfast, as well as hosting a photography exhibition in the Gallery of Photography in Dublin’s Temple Bar (June 19th – June 29th).

The purpose of Breaking The Silence is to raise awareness of the reality of daily life living under military occupation. Their website contains many video testimonies of former soldiers. Some speak about shootings, but mostly it’s the mundane routine of being a soldier in an occupied land that make it so fascinating. The checkpoints, the harassment of civilians, the endless orders to “make your presence felt”.

By speaking out against the continued occupation of the West Bank, Breaking The Silence highlight an important point: not everybody in Israel agrees with what is happening in the West Bank.

Not everybody thinks that Israel’s best interests are served by a 47-year-old military occupation of a civilian population.

Not everybody thinks that it is right for a city to be segregated on ethnic lines.

Not everybody thinks that peace can be found by searching the schoolbags of young children.

Not even the soldier whose job it is to do it.

Breaking The Silence tour:

Dublin Exhibition: Photography exhibition in the Gallery of Photography (Temple Bar) from June 19th to 29th. Opening hours 11am – 6pm daily and 1pm – 6pm on Sunday. Entry to the exhibition is free of charge and members of Breaking the Silence will be in attendance each day to offer guided tours. 

Dublin Panel Discussion: There will be a panel discussion at the Gallery of Photography from 6-8pm on Wednesday June 25th on the subject ‘the role of photography in conflict situations’ with Yehuda Shaul (Breaking the Silence), Dearbhla Glynn (film maker), Anthony Haughey (photographer) and Eilish Dillion (lecturer). Please email if you would like to attend.

Belfast Talk: Lunchtime talk in the Black Box in Belfast on Monday June 23rd, 1 – 2pm.

Cork Talk: Breaking the Silence talk in association with Kinsale Peace Project at 8pm on June 26th in the Carmelite Friary, Kinsale.

June 13, 2014

Poetry competition winners 2014

By Trish Groves, Campaigns Officer

The world has changed since Trócaire was set up in 1973. Back then, there was no such thing as the internet, or smartphones, and when you wanted to find out what was happening in the world, you had to listen to the radio, watch the news on television, or buy a newspaper. But some things haven't changed, like Trócaire's commitment to challenge the causes of poverty, and encourage people to use their voices to speak out against injustice.

Nowadays, everything seems to be speeding up, including the damage to our environment. When you look deeply enough, into the rising waters and out at the expanding deserts, you see that behind all the changes, it is what we are doing as people, that makes the most difference. This was the inspiration behind this year's ‘It's Up To Us’ poetry competition, challenging every one of us to live more sustainably on our planet. 

As usual, poets around the country deconstructed the theme, explored it from every angle, and created poetry of amazing depth and complexity. We had hundreds of entries from across the island of Ireland and it took our judges, Nuala Ni Dhomhnaill, Mary Shine Thompson and Trish Groves, hours of debate and discussion to reach a consensus.

Trócaire has been supporting Poetry Ireland’s work for many years, and our joint poetry competition is unique because we invite entries from all ages and abilities, from primary schools to published poets. It is free to enter, so everyone has an equal chance to participate. Access and equality are central to all of Trócaire’s work, and it’s what we mean when we talk about our values, like solidarity and participation.

In the booklet of winning poems, which you can download for free you will find new work from poets of all ages, some deeply moving and others light and quirky, but all demonstrating a love of language, and a commitment to be creative in how we tackle the world's problems. We hope you enjoy reading them. Limited hard copies are available, and if you would like one, please e-mail us with your postal address to

trocaire poetry competition winners

To the winning poets (pictured) congratulations from everyone in Trócaire and Poetry Ireland. Photo: Alan Whelan

List of winners:

Published Poets:

1st: Valley of the Birches by Mary Turley McGrath 
Runner-up: Thinking outside the socks by Afric  McGlinchey 
Runner –up: Tubrid by Karen O’Connor
Runner-up: The Walnut Dresser by Wilma Kenny 
Non-Published Poets:
1st: Storm by Jane Clarke 
Runner-up: Touchscreen by Philomena Gallen 
Runner-up: The Glaciers by Anthony Hegarty 
Post-Primary Senior:
1st: The Anarchist by Emma Tobin 
Runner-up: To The Point by Mariana Byrne 
Runner-up: Time by Eden Healey
Post-Primary Junior:
1st Perceptions by Denis Holton 
Runner-up: Time to Change by Michelle McCormack
Runner-up: Famine Relief by Seán de Grá
Runner-up: Water by Jade Nolan
Primary Senior:
1st: Green World by Conor Clarke
Runner-up: Make a Change by Flora McDonnell
Runner-up: A Voice of his own by Katie Hennessy 
Runner-up: Just One Wish by Saoirse O’Connor
Primary Junior:
Global Glowing by Aoibhin Holmes

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May 20, 2014

Dialogue, development and HIV in Zimbabwe

By Michelle Moore, HIV and Gender Team
To mark World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development (21 May), we look at the work of activists in Zimbabwe, who are speaking out on the rights of people living with and affected by HIV. 
Under-provision of anti-retroviral therapy (ART), coupled with high levels of stigma and discrimination remain a significant barrier to people accessing vital treatment for HIV in Zimbabwe, especially in rural areas.  
Trócaire and our partners Batanai HIV and AIDS Service Organisation (BHASO), Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) and the Zimbabwe Network of PLHIV (ZNNP+) are working with activists to organise district and provincial advocacy teams to negotiate improved access to treatment care and give support on the many other issues that affect their lives with HIV. 
One advocacy team who meet regularly at Magombedzi clinic in Masvingo province have experienced discrimination. Some of the members used to provide entertainment at weddings, but because of their HIV status were hired less and less. 
This has not stopped them though. Florence Ganye leads the advocacy team who continue to compose songs that help audiences and communities to realise the issues they are facing. 
hiv activists zimbabwe
Magombedzi advocacy team, March 2014. Photo: Michelle Moore
“Our messages are of great importance so that issues can be deep-rooted at grassroots level. We hope that come 2015 maybe no children will be born with HIV because the information will be shared. The future is very bright because we are there in the communities acting as role models and there are more people going to the health centres because of this situation,” says Florence. 
In another part of Masvingo province, Nobert Madzinire and Janet Zinyongo work as Community HIV and AIDS Support Agents (CHASAs) at Chinkiya Rural Health Centre. They assist people living with HIV at the clinic and visit communities to share their knowledge about treatment. 
“The work... gives us the opportunity to go deeper at support group level and gives us the advantage of meeting more people and also for us to become known as support agents” says Nobert.  
These ordinary people are providing the voice and dialogue of reason and advocacy in community health care and development issues, working for the betterment of their welfare and the health concerns of the district in which they live.

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May 16, 2014

Celebrating life in Guatemala one year on from the historic genocide trial

By Sally O'Neill, Head of Region, Latin America
“We truly believe that in order for peace to exist in Guatemala, justice must come first.” With these words on the 10 May 2013 Judge Yasmin Barrios closed the historic case against former president Jose Efrain Ríos Montt who was convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity committed against the Ixil indigenous people. 
It was the first time the Guatemalan state had recognised that genocide was committed in Guatemala.
Trócaire has been supporting and accompanying indigenous communities and human rights defenders since the darkest days of the conflict in the early 1980s, when a ‘scorched earth’ strategy was implemented by the army in hundreds of Ixil communities. 
An estimated 200,000 were murdered or disappeared during the conflict, 83% of whom were indigenous people. 
The genocide of the Ixil community was the most extreme expression of an ideology of racism that had festered at the core of the state; they were deemed an ‘internal enemy’ that must be ‘annihilated.’  
Our partners, the Centre for Legal Action on Human Rights (CALDH) and the Association for Justice and Reconciliation (AJR), have worked tirelessly over the last 14 years to protect the rights of those affected by the conflict and to seek justice for victims and survivors. 
They continue to denounce crimes of the past and present and have brought a number of cases against former army personnel and agents of the state for crimes committed during the conflict, most significantly the case against Ríos Montt. 
{C}Rios Montt Guatemala trial
Top: Attendees at the trial of Ríos Montt. Bottom: Ríos Montt testifies in court. Photos: Elena Hermosa.
Survivors of the genocide, witnesses from the trial, human rights defenders, members of the international community, civil society organisations, students, academics and ordinary citizens gathered together to celebrate the first anniversary of the trial. 
On Friday afternoon a number of European solidarity networks presented AJR with a plaque in recognition of their courageous contribution to the struggle for justice in Guatemala. 
These groups included the International NGO Forum in Guatemala (FONGI), the international alliance of Catholic development agencies (CIDSE), the Copenhagen Initiative for Central America and Mexico (CIFCA), the Association of World Council of Churches related Development Organisations in Europe (APRODEV), ACT Alliance and the International Platform Against Impunity.
Hundreds of people gathered in the main square of Guatemala’s capital for the ‘Festival of Life’ to celebrate this historical victory for victims and survivors of the conflict. Young musicians and performers entertained the crowds and were accompanied by live broadcasts of key excerpts from Yasmin Barrios’ judgment. 
{C}ajr guatemala peace justice
Delegation from AJR accepts plaque for contribution to peace and justice. Photo: Aisling Walsh.
These acts of local and international solidarity are particularly important given recent attempts by powerful sectors of Guatemalan society to block, and even reverse recent progress towards justice and reconciliation. 
Only 10 days after the original judgment was handed down the Constitutional Court overturned the guilty verdict on the pretext of procedural irregularities during the trial, and set a date for retrial for January 2015. 
Since then there have been further moves to disrupt the course of justice: in January 2014 the Court of Appeal decided to revert to the original case presented in November 2011, at which time Ríos Montt had not been formally accused. 
Our partners, CALDH and ARJ are extremely concerned that this decision would effectively annul the trial held in 2013 and could lead to Ríos Montt being exempt from a retrial in the genocide case. 
In February 2014 the Guatemalan Constitutional Court took the unanimous decision to dismiss the current Attorney General and Chief State Prosecutor six months before the completion of her full term in office. She presided over the Ríos Montt trial and has been active in pursuing cases of femicide, violence against women and corruption. 
Furthermore, in April 2014 only one month following her receipt of Michelle Obama's Women of Courage Award, Judge Yasmin Barrios was suspended from practice for one year by the College of Lawyers in Guatemala. Fortunately, Judge Barrios successfully challenged her suspension and has resumed her duties.  
Despite these attempts to reverse the progress towards justice in Guatemala, the words of Yasmin Barrios from 10 May last year will not be easily forgotten and the search for peace and justice will not be abandoned:
“We firmly believe that acknowledging the truth helps to heal the wounds of the past and [that] the pursuit of justice is a right of the victims, which also contributes to the strengthening of the rule of law in our country. [We] must raise aware¬ness [so] that these kinds of events are never repeated, because the people of Guatemala want to live in peace, acknowledging our identity, our rich multicultural, multilingual [heritage] and the respect for the freedom of expression of our ideas.”